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Music and Tradition

Popular music (music written in the language of the people and thought for the people) tend to be closely related (in some cases without separating) two regional-cultural aspects of nature: the musical instruments with which music is played and dances may accompany it.

In the tradition of Neapolitan popular music, we have identified a number of musical instruments that accompany the popular Neapolitan song. According to tradition, a handmade minifattura strictly.


TAMMORRA
It is a large drum, equipped with vibrating plates, metal or tin, (known 'cicere' or 'cymbals') placed in pairs in the slots of the circular wooden frame, usually one of the sieves for flour. The surface which is struck to get the sound, rhythm with your fingers or the palm of a hand, is made of skin of sheep. So, a hand hits the drum and the other shakes the instrument to vibrate more of the plates. This instrument also has a smaller version: the "tammurriello", besides being smaller, has the cymbals of brass and tin.


TRICCHEBALLACCHE
Strictly wood, consists of three hammers and two frames: the wedges are parallel to each other, while the two frames are perpendicular to the hammers. The frame at the bottom connects the three hammers, the second frame placed higher, allowing two external hammers to have an excursion, ruling that while the game than they may have.
The two external hammers, beating against the center hammer, that is shown continuously, producing the sound of your instrument. The Hammers have rattles and bells, to ensure that each beat of the hammer increases the clang of the instrument, producing a percussive sound, like the sound of the tambourine.


CASTAGNETTE
They look like the poor folk version of the most noble Spanish castanets. In fact, the similarity with the most famous sisters Iberian is quite evident, both in their form in the sounds they emit. The castanets are two small and hollow hemispheres, carved wood, tied in pairs with a tape that is forked from the middle finger. These instruments are driven rhythmically by crushing against palm. Bumping into each other, manage to produce a dry sound that often accompanies the steps of popular dances such as Tarantella, Saltarello, and others.



SCETAVAJASSE
For the way it is played, suggests a kind of violin, though it has neither strings and soundboard. The scetavajasse consists of two wooden rods, one of which included large teeth extracted for incision along the upper face. In addition, several metal plates frames with nails along the sides.  The other pole, used by the player as a bow, is pulled through the teeth of the first that is held resting against the collar bone to get a grinding sound. The plates, vibrating rhythmically emit the typical onomatopoeic "nfrunfrù. Is generally accompanied by other instruments such as the putipù and triccheballacche.


PUTIPU'
Also known as "Caccavella", "cute-cute" or  "cupa-cupa". Originally it consisted mainly of a crock pot, not too high, but large mouth which was lying on a sheep skin, skin that, overflowing from the mouth, was arrested by tight turns of twine, so that it properly tend. Next, a tin metal was used as a sounding board. At the center of the skin, in a small hole, is stuck vertically cylindrical rod, rubbed from top to bottom and vice versa, with a wet cloth or sponge, can transmit the vibrations to the skin. The latter, tight, acts as a sounding board and they get the characteristic sound "put-pù, put-pù ", vaguely similar to that produced by the bass: sound, through onomatopoeia, leading to putipù.





More and more musical instruments, however, contribute to make pleasant typical Neapolitan orchestra; among them: the MANDOLIN, an instrument well known whose name is the diminutive of 'mandola' and it is similar to the lute; the GUITAR, the CIARAMELLA, which is a sort of fife; the ORGAN, which is a kind of accordion.
 

The city singing par excellence, however, could present a string of musical instruments, whose names definitely funny and that, alone, seem to draw the sound they make.



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