Popular music (music written in the language of the people and thought for the
people) tend to be closely related (in some cases without separating) two regional-cultural
aspects of nature: the musical instruments with which music is played and dances
may accompany it.
In the tradition of Neapolitan popular music, we have identified a number of
musical instruments that accompany the popular Neapolitan song. According to tradition,
a handmade minifattura strictly.
It is a large drum, equipped with vibrating plates, metal or tin, (known 'cicere'
or 'cymbals') placed in pairs in the slots of the circular wooden frame, usually
one of the sieves for flour. The surface which is struck to get the sound, rhythm
with your fingers or the palm of a hand, is made of skin of sheep. So, a hand
hits the drum and the other shakes the instrument to vibrate more of the plates.
This instrument also has a smaller version: the "tammurriello", besides being smaller, has the cymbals of brass and tin.
Strictly wood, consists of three hammers and two frames: the wedges are parallel
to each other, while the two frames are perpendicular to the hammers. The frame
at the bottom connects the three hammers, the second frame placed higher, allowing
two external hammers to have an excursion, ruling that while the game than they
The two external hammers, beating against the center hammer, that is shown continuously,
producing the sound of your instrument. The Hammers have rattles and bells, to
ensure that each beat of the hammer increases the clang of the instrument, producing
a percussive sound, like the sound of the tambourine.
They look like the poor folk version of the most noble Spanish castanets. In
fact, the similarity with the most famous sisters Iberian is quite evident, both
in their form in the sounds they emit. The castanets are two small and hollow
hemispheres, carved wood, tied in pairs with a tape that is forked from the middle
finger. These instruments are driven rhythmically by crushing against palm. Bumping
into each other, manage to produce a dry sound that often accompanies the steps
of popular dances such as Tarantella, Saltarello, and others.
For the way it is played, suggests a kind of violin, though it has neither strings
and soundboard. The scetavajasse consists of two wooden rods, one of which included
large teeth extracted for incision along the upper face. In addition, several
metal plates frames with nails along the sides. The other pole, used by the player
as a bow, is pulled through the teeth of the first that is held resting against
the collar bone to get a grinding sound. The plates, vibrating rhythmically emit
the typical onomatopoeic "nfrunfrù. Is generally accompanied by other instruments
such as the putipù and triccheballacche.
Also known as "Caccavella", "cute-cute" or "cupa-cupa". Originally it consisted
mainly of a crock pot, not too high, but large mouth which was lying on a sheep
skin, skin that, overflowing from the mouth, was arrested by tight turns of twine,
so that it properly tend. Next, a tin metal was used as a sounding board. At the
center of the skin, in a small hole, is stuck vertically cylindrical rod, rubbed
from top to bottom and vice versa, with a wet cloth or sponge, can transmit the
vibrations to the skin. The latter, tight, acts as a sounding board and they get
the characteristic sound "put-pù, put-pù ", vaguely similar to that produced by
the bass: sound, through onomatopoeia, leading to putipù.
More and more musical instruments, however, contribute to make pleasant typical
Neapolitan orchestra; among them: the MANDOLIN, an instrument well known whose name is the diminutive of 'mandola' and it is similar to the lute; the GUITAR, the CIARAMELLA, which is a sort of fife; the ORGAN, which is a kind of accordion.
The city singing par excellence, however, could present a string of musical instruments,
whose names definitely funny and that, alone, seem to draw the sound they make.